Course Content
Rule – 4 Ball in Play, Dead Ball, Out of Bounds
0/2
Rule 11 – The Officials: Jurisdiction and Duties
0/2
Appendix A Game-Official Guidelines for Serious On-Field Player Injuries
0/1
Appendix B Lightning Policy
0/1
Appendix C Concussions
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Appendix D Field Diagrams
0/1
Appendix E Equipment: Additional Details
0/1
Appendix F – Official Football Signals
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Appendix G Summary of Penalties
0/1
Appendix H Accommodations for Student-Athletes with Disabilities
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Part II: Interpretations
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Table of Contents for Approved Rulings
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List of New and Modified Approved Rulings
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NCAA Rules
About Lesson

LEGEND: “O’’ refers to official’s signal number (see Code of Official’s Signals); “R’’ is the rule number; “S’’ is the section number; “A’’ is the article number�

O

R

S

A

LOSS OF A DOWN

IIlegal scrimmage kick [also loss of five yards]…………………………………….. 31*

 

6

 

3

 

10

Illegally handing ball forward [also loss of five yards]………………………….. 35*

7

1

6

Planned loose ball play [also loss of five yards]……………………………………. 19*

Intentionally throwing backward pass out of bounds

[also loss of five yards]…………………………………………………………………….. 35*

7

7

1

2

7

1

Illegal forward pass by Team A [also loss of five yards]……………………….. 35*

7

3

2

Intentionally grounding forward pass [spot of foul]………………………………. 36*

7

3

2

Forward pass illegally touched by player out of bounds……………………….. 16*

7

3

4

Illegally batting ball [also loss of 10 yards] (see exceptions)………………… 31*

9

4

1

Illegally kicking ball [also loss of 10 yards] (see exceptions)………………… 31*

9

4

4

LOSS OF FIVE YARDS

 

 

 

Alteration of playing surface for an advantage……………………………………..

19

1

2

9

Improper numbering …………………………………………………………………………….

23

1

4

2

Coin-toss infractions…………………………………………………………………………….

19

3

1

1

Delay after three timeouts expended…………………………………………………….

21

3

4

2

Illegal delay of the game……………………………………………………………………….

21

3

4

2

Advancing a dead ball ………………………………………………………………………….

21

3

4

2

Disconcerting offensive signals……………………………………………………………

21

3

4

2

Substitution rules infractions ……………………………………………………………….

22

3

5

2

More Than Eleven Players in the formation or during the play …………….

22

3

5

3

Putting ball in play before it is ready …………………………………………………..

21

4

1

4

Exceeding 40/25-second count …………………………………………………………….

21

4

1

5

Infraction of free kick formation………………………………………………………… 18, 19

6

1

2

Team A blocking during a free kick…………………………………………………………. 19

6

1

2

Player out of bounds when ball free-kicked……………………………………………. 19

6

1

2

Team A player illegally goes out of bounds (free kick)……………………………. 19

6

1

2

Free kick out of bounds………………………………………………………………………….. 19

6

2

1

Illegal kick [also loss of down if by Team A]………………………………………….. 31*

6

3

10

Team A player illegally goes out of bounds (scrimmage kick)………………… 19

6

3

12

Defensive Linemen—3-on-1 on field goal formation……………………………….. 19

6

3

14

Taking more than two steps after fair catch……………………………………………. 21

6

5

2

Illegal snap………………………………………………………………………………………………. 19

7

1

1

Snapper’s position and ball adjustment………………………………………………….. 19

7

1

3

Team A not within nine-yard marks after ready……………………………………….. 19

7

1

3

False start or simulating start of a play…………………………………………………… 19

7

1

3

Encroachment (offense) at snap……………………………………………………………… 19

7

1

3

Player out of bounds when ball is snapped……………………………………………. 19

7

1

4

Offensive player illegally in motion at the snap………………………………………. 20

7

1

4

Illegal Formation……………………………………………………………………………………… 19

7

1

4

Illegal formation due to numbering exception………………………………………… 19

7

1

4

Illegal shift……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 20

7

1

4

Offside (defense)…………………………………………………………………………………….. 18

7

1

5

Abrupt defensive actions………………………………………………………………………… 21

7

1

5

Interference with opponent or ball…………………………………………………………… 18

7

1

5

Defensive player charging unabated toward a back………………………………… 19

7

1

5

Defensive player out of bounds at the snap……………………………………………. 19

7

1

5

Illegally handing ball forward [also loss of down if by Team A]…………….. 35*

7

1

6

Planned loose ball play [also loss of down]…………………………………………… 19*

7

1

7

 

FR-139

 

 

Intentionally throwing backward pass out of bounds

 

 

 

 

[also loss of down if by Team A]………………………………………………………….. 35*

7

2

1

Player on scrimmage line receiving snap………………………………………………… 19

7

2

3

Illegal forward pass [also loss of down if by Team A]……………………………. 35*

7

3

2

Ineligible receiver downfield……………………………………………………………………. 37

7

3

10

Forward pass illegally touched……………………………………………………………….. 16

7

3

11

Running into kicker or holder………………………………………………………………….. 30

9

1

16

Game Administration Interference [second and third infractions]……….. 21,29

9

2

5

Interlocked interference or helping ball carrier……………………………………….. 44

9

3

2

LOSS OF 10 YARDS

 

 

 

Home team delay ………………………………………………………………………………….

21

3

4

1

Illegal use of hands or arms (offense)…………………………………………………..

42

9

3

3

Holding or obstruction (offense) …………………………………………………………..

42

9

3

3

Illegal block in the back (offense) …………………………………………………………

43

9

3

3

Locked hands……………………………………………………………………………………….

42

9

3

3

Illegal use of hands (defense)……………………………………………………………….

42

9

3

4

Holding or obstruction (defense) ………………………………………………………….

42

9

3

4

Illegal block in the back (defense) ………………………………………………………..

43

9

3

4

Holding or obstruction (loose ball) ……………………………………………………….

42

9

3

7

Illegally batting loose ball [also loss of down]………………………………………

31*

9

4

1

Illegally batting a backward pass………………………………………………………….

31

9

4

1&2

Batting ball in possession by player in possession ……………………………..

31

9

4

3

Illegally kicking ball [also loss of down] ……………………………………………….

31*

9

4

4

LOSS OF 15 YARDS

 

 

 

 

Marking ball……………………………………………………………………………………………… 27

1

3

3

Numbers changed to deceive the opponent……………………………………………. 27

1

4

2

Home Jersey Worn Without Permission…………………………………………………. 27

1

4

5

Illegal signal devices [also ejection]………………………………………………………… 27

1

4

10

Team not ready to play at start of either half…………………………………………… 21

3

4

1

Rapid substitutions to opponents’ disadvantage…………………………….. 22, 27

3

5

2

Illegal Wedge Formation………………………………………………………………………….. 27

6

1

10

Interference with opportunity to catch a kick………………………………………….. 33

6

4

1

Illegal block by fair-catch signaller………………………………………………………….. 40

6

5

4

Tackling or blocking fair-catcher……………………………………………………………… 38

6

5

5

Offensive pass interference…………………………………………………………………….. 33

7

3

8

Defensive pass interference [first down]…………………………………………………. 33

7

3

8

Striking; tripping [first down]……………………………………………………………. 38, 46

Targeting/Initiating Contact w/Crown of Helmet [first down]

[Also Disqualification]……………………………………………………………… 38, 24, 47

9

9

1

1

2

3

Targeting/Initiating Contact to head/neck area of a defenseless player

 

 

 

 

[first down] [Also Disqualification]…………………………………………… 38, 24, 47

9

1

4

Clipping [first down]……………………………………………………………………………….. 39

9

1

5

Blocking below the waist [first down]…………………………………………………….. 40

9

1

6

Late Hit/action out of bounds [first down]………………………………………………. 38

9

1

7

Helmet / Face Mask Fouls [first down]………………………………………………. 38,45

9

1

8

Continuous contact to the helmet; Hands to the face [first down]…….. 38,45

9

1

8

Roughing the passer [first down]…………………………………………………………… 34

9

1

9

Chop Blocking [first down]…………………………………………………………………….. 41

9

1

10

Leverage/Leaping [first down]………………………………………………………………… 38

9

1

11

Defensive restrictions……………………………………………………………………………… 27

9

1

11

Fouling an opponent obviously out of the play [first down]…………………… 38

9

1

12

Hurdling [first down]………………………………………………………………………………. 38

9

1

13

Illegal contact against the snapper [first down]……………………………………… 38

9

1

14

Horse Collar Tackle [first down]……………………………………………………….. 38, 25

9

1

15

Roughing the kicker [first down]………………………………………………………. 38, 30

9

1

16

Kicker simulating being roughed…………………………………………………………….. 27

9

1

16

Continued Participation Without a Helmet………………………………………………. 38

9

1

17

Blind-Side Block………………………………………………………………………………………. 38

9

1

18

Obscene or vulgar language…………………………………………………………………… 27

9

2

1

Persons illegally on the field…………………………………………………………………… 27

9

2

1

Player not returning ball to official………………………………………………………….. 27

9

2

1

Provoking ill will………………………………………………………………………………………. 27

9

2

1

 

 

aPPEndiX G / summaRy oF PEnaltiEs

 

 

 

FR-141

Unsportsmanlike conduct …………………………………………………………………….

27

9

2

1

Persons leaving team area……………………………………………………………………

27

9

2

1

Illegal return of disqualified player ……………………………………………………….

27

9

2

1

Noise by persons subject to rules ………………………………………………………..

27

9

2

1

Concealing the ball……………………………………………………………………………….

27

9

2

2

Simulated replacements or substitutions ……………………………………………..

27

9

2

2

Equipment to confuse opponents ………………………………………………………..

27

9

2

2

Intentionally contacting an official [also ejection]…………………………………

27

9

2

4

Game Administration Interference [fourth and subsequent]………………… 27, 29

9

2

5

Fighting [also ejection]………………………………………………………………… 27, 38, 47

9

5

1

LOSS OF HALF DISTANCE TO GOAL LINE

If distance penalty exceeds half the distance

(except on defensive pass interference) …………………………………………..         10       2        6

OFFENDED TEAM’S BALL AT SPOT OF FOUL

Defensive pass interference

(if less than a 15-yard penalty) [first down] ……………………………………… 33          7        3        8

CHARGED TIMEOUT FOR A VIOLATION

Not wearing mandatory equipment ………………………………………………………

23

1

4

8

Wearing illegal equipment…………………………………………………………………….

23

1

4

8

Head coach’s conference ……………………………………………………………………..

21

3

3

4

Head coach’s challenge………………………………………………………………………..

21

12

5

1

Illegal cleats [Also ejection] ………………………………………………………………….

23

9

2

2

VIOLATION

Illegal touching of free kick by kicking team…………………………………………

 

 

16

 

 

6

 

 

1

 

 

3

Illegal touching of scrimmage kick ……………………………………………………….

16

6

3

2

Scrimmage-kick-batting exception ……………………………………………………….

16

6

3

11

WARNING

 

 

 

 

Game Administration Interference [first infraction]……………………………….

15

9

2

5

EJECTION

Prohibited signal devices ……………………………………………………………………..

 

 

47

 

 

1

 

 

4

 

 

10

Flagrant fouls ……………………………………………………………………………………….

47

9

1

1

Two unsportsmanlike fouls…………………………………………………………………..

47

9

2

6

Illegal cleats………………………………………………………………………………………….

47

9

2

2

Contacting an official ……………………………………………………………………………

47

9

2

4

Use of tobacco ……………………………………………………………………………………..

47

9

2

7

Fighting ……………………………………………………………………………………………….

47

9

5

1

DISQUALIFICATION

Targeting/Initiating Contact w/Crown of Helmet …………………………………..

 

 

38

 

 

9

 

 

1

 

 

3

Targeting/Initiating Contact to head/neck of a defenseless player ……….

38

9

1

4

AUTOMATIC FIRST DOWNS (DEFENSIVE FOULS)

Pass interference…………………………………………………………………………………….. 33

7

3

8

Striking; tripping…………………………………………………………………………………… 46,38

9

1

2

Targeting/Initiating Contact w/Crown of Helmet………………………………………. 38

9

1

3

Contact to head/neck area of a defenseless player…………………………………. 38

9

1

4

Clipping…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 39

9

1

5

Blocking below the waist………………………………………………………………………… 40

9

1

6

Late Hit/action out of bounds………………………………………………………………….. 38

9

1

7

Helmet / Face Mask Fouls………………………………………………………………….. 38,45

9

1

8

Roughing the passer……………………………………………………………………………….. 34

9

1

9

Chop Blocking…………………………………………………………………………………………. 41

9

1

10

Leverage/Leaping……………………………………………………………………………………. 38

9

1

11

Fouling an opponent obviously out of the play………………………………………. 38

9

1

12

Hurdling…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 38

9

1

13

Illegal contact against the snapper…………………………………………………………. 38

9

1

14

Horse Collar Tackle…………………………………………………………………………… 38, 31

9

1

15

 

 

Roughing the kicker………………………………………………………………………….. 38, 30

9

1

16

Unsportsmanlike Conduct………………………………………………………………………. 27

9

2

1

Illegal contact with eligible receiver………………………………………………………… 38

9

3

5

Fighting………………………………………………………………………………………… 27, 38, 47

9

5

1

WHEN-IN-QUESTION RULES

 

 

 

Catch or recovery not completed …………………………………………………………

2

4

3

Block below waist…………………………………………………………………………………

2

3

2

Chop block …………………………………………………………………………………………..

2

3

3

Block in the back ………………………………………………………………………………….

2

3

4

Ball not touched on kick or forward pass……………………………………………..

2

11

4

Ball is accidentally kicked (touched) …………………………………………………….

2

16

1

Forward pass rather than backward pass …………………………………………….

2

19

2

Forward pass and not fumble……………………………………………………………….

2

19

2

It is a catchable forward pass……………………………………………………………….

2

19

4

Stop clock for injured player ………………………………………………………………..

3

3

5

Forward progress stopped……………………………………………………………………

4

1

3

Kick-catch interference…………………………………………………………………………

6

4

1

It is a catchable forward pass……………………………………………………………….

7

3

8

Touchback rather than safety ……………………………………………………………….

8

5

1

Targeting ………………………………………………………………………………………………

9

1

3, 4

A player is defenseless…………………………………………………………………………

9

1

4

Twisting, turning or pulling face mask (helmet opening) ………………………

9

1

8

Roughing kicker rather than running into …………………………………………….

9

1

16

REFEREE’S DISCRETION

Penalty for unfair acts…………………………………………………………………………..

 

 

27

 

 

9

 

 

2

 

 

3

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