Course Content
Rule – 4 Ball in Play, Dead Ball, Out of Bounds
Rule 11 – The Officials: Jurisdiction and Duties
Appendix A Game-Official Guidelines for Serious On-Field Player Injuries
Appendix B Lightning Policy
Appendix C Concussions
Appendix D Field Diagrams
Appendix E Equipment: Additional Details
Appendix F – Official Football Signals
Appendix G Summary of Penalties
Appendix H Accommodations for Student-Athletes with Disabilities
Part II: Interpretations
Table of Contents for Approved Rulings
List of New and Modified Approved Rulings
NCAA Rules
About Lesson


ARTICLE 1. The ball shall meet the following specifications:

  1. New or nearly (A nearly new ball is a ball that has not been altered and retains the properties and qualities of a new ball.)
  2. Cover consisting of four panels of pebble-grained leather without corrugations other than seams.


  1. One set of eight equally spaced
  2. Natural tan
  3. Two 1-inch white stripes that are three to three-and-one-quarter inches from the end of the ball and located only on the two panels adjacent to the
  4. Conforms to maximum and minimum dimensions and shape indicated in the accompanying diagram.
  5. Inflated to the pressure of 12-1/2 to 13-1/2 pounds per square inch (psi).
  6. Weight of 14 to 15
  7. The ball may not be altered. This includes the use of any ball-drying or ball-warming substance. Mechanical ball-drying and ball-warming devices are not permitted near the sidelines or in the team area.
  8. Professional football league logos are
  9. Advertising is prohibited on the ball [Exceptions: (1) Ball manufacturer’s name or logo, (2) institutional logo, (3) conference/NCAA logo, (4) AFCA logo and (5) College Football Playoff logo].


Administration and Enforcement

ARTICLE 2. a. The game officials shall test and be sole judge of not more than 10 balls offered for play by each team before and during the game. The game officials may approve additional balls if warranted by conditions.

  1. Home management shall provide a pressure pump and measuring
  2. The home team is responsible for providing legal balls and should notify the opponent of the ball to be used.
  3. During the entire game, either team may use a new or nearly new ball of its choice when it is in possession, providing the ball meets the required specifications and has been measured and tested according to rule (Exception: The official NCAA football shall be used for the Division I Football Championship Subdivision, II and III championships).
  4. The visiting team is responsible for providing the legal balls it wishes to use while it is in possession if the balls provided by the home team are not
  5. All balls to be used must be presented to the referee for testing at least 60 minutes before the start of the game. Once the teams have presented the game balls to the referee, they remain under the general supervision of the officials throughout the game.
  6. When the ball becomes dead in a side zone, is unfit for play, is subject to measurement in a side zone or is inaccessible, a replacement ball shall be obtained from a ball person (A.R. 1-3-2-I).
  7. The referee or umpire shall determine the legality of each ball before it is put in play.
  8. The following procedures shall be used when measuring a ball:
    1. All measurements shall be made after the ball is legally
    2. The long circumference shall be measured around the ends of the ball but not over the laces.
    3. The long diameter shall be measured with calipers from end to end but not in the nose indentation.
    4. The short circumference shall be measured around the ball, over the valve and over the lace but not over the cross lace.

Marking Balls

ARTICLE 3. Marking a ball indicating a preference for any player or any situation is prohibited.

PENALTY—Live-ball foul. 15 yards from the previous spot [S27].

Join the conversation