Course Content
Rule – 4 Ball in Play, Dead Ball, Out of Bounds
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Rule 11 – The Officials: Jurisdiction and Duties
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Appendix A Game-Official Guidelines for Serious On-Field Player Injuries
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Appendix B Lightning Policy
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Appendix C Concussions
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Appendix D Field Diagrams
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Appendix E Equipment: Additional Details
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Appendix F – Official Football Signals
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Appendix G Summary of Penalties
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Appendix H Accommodations for Student-Athletes with Disabilities
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Part II: Interpretations
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Table of Contents for Approved Rulings
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List of New and Modified Approved Rulings
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NCAA Rules
About Lesson

Teams A and B

ARTICLE 1. Team A is the team that is designated to put the ball in play, and Team B is the opponent. The teams retain these designations until the ball is next ready for play.

Offensive and Defensive Teams

ARTICLE 2. The offensive team is the team in possession or the team to which the ball belongs; the defensive team is the opposing team.

Kicker and Holder

ARTICLE 3. a. The kicker is any player who punts, drop kicks or place kicks according to rule. That player remains the kicker until they have had a reasonable time to regain their balance.

  1. A holder is a player who controls the ball on the ground or on a kicking tee. During a scrimmage-kick play, that player remains the holder until no player is in position to make the kick or, if the ball is kicked, until the kicker has had a reasonable time to regain their balance.

Lineman and Back

ARTICLE 4. a. Lineman.

  1. A lineman is any Team A player legally on their scrimmage line (Rule 2-21-2).
  2. A Team A player is legally on the scrimmage line when facing their opponent’s goal line with the line of their shoulders approximately parallel thereto and either (a) they are the snapper (Rule 2-27-8) or (b) their head breaks the plane of the line drawn through the waistline of the snapper.
  1. Interior Lineman. An interior lineman is a lineman who is not on the end of their scrimmage line.
  2. Restricted Lineman. A restricted lineman is any interior lineman, or any lineman wearing a number 50-79, whose hand(s) are below the knees.
    1. A back is any Team A player who is not a lineman and whose head or shoulder does not break the plane of the line drawn through the waistline of the nearest Team A lineman.
    2. A back is also the player in position to receive a hand-to-hand
    3. A lineman becomes a back before the snap when they move to a position as a back and stops.

 

Passer

ARTICLE 5. The passer is the player who throws a forward pass. That player is a passer from the time the ball is released until the pass is complete, incomplete or intercepted, or until they move to participate in the play.

Player

ARTICLE 6. a. A player is any one of the participants in the game who is not a substitute or a replaced player and is subject to the rules when inbounds or out of bounds.

  1. An airborne player is a player not in contact with the ground because they have leapt, jumped, dove, launched, etc., in other than normal running
  2. A departing player is a player leaving the field, having been replaced by a

Runner and Ball Carrier

ARTICLE 7. a. The runner is a player in possession of a live ball or simulating possession of a live ball.

  1. A ball carrier is a runner in possession of a live ball.

Snapper

ARTICLE 8. The snapper is the player who snaps the ball. That player is established as the snapper when they take a position behind the ball and touches or simulates (hand[s] at or below their knees) touching the ball (Rule 7-1-3).

Substitute

ARTICLE 9. a. A legal substitute is a replacement for a player or a player vacancy during the interval between downs.

  1. A legal incoming substitute becomes a player when they enter the field of play or end zones and communicates with a teammate or an official, enters the huddle, is positioned in an offensive or a defensive formation, or participates in a play.

Replaced Player

ARTICLE 10. A replaced player is one who participated during the previous down, has been replaced by a substitute and has left the field of play and the end zones.

Player Vacancy

ARTICLE 11. A player vacancy occurs when a team has fewer than 11 players in the game.

Disqualified Player and Ejected Player

ARTICLE 12. a. Disqualified Player:

  1. A disqualified player is one who is declared ineligible for further participation in the game and is allowed to remain in the team area.
  2. A player serving a first-half suspension due to a disqualification in the team’s previous game may participate in pre-game warm-up activities.

 

 

During the first half they may remain in the team area but may not participate in the first half of the game.

  1. Ejected Player:
    1. An ejected player is one who is declared ineligible for further participation in the game and is not allowed to remain in the team area. This player must leave the playing enclosure under the escort of team personnel before the next play after their ejection. They must remain out of view of the field of play under team supervision for the duration of the game.
    2. A player serving a first-half suspension due to an ejection in the team’s previous game may participate in pre-game warm-up During the first half they must remain out of view of the field of play under team supervision.

Squad Member

ARTICLE 13. A squad member is part of a group of potential players, in uniform, organized for participation in the ensuing football game or football plays.

Defenseless Player

ARTICLE 14. A defenseless player is one who because of their physical position and focus of concentration is especially vulnerable to injury. When in question, a player is defenseless. Examples of defenseless players include but are not limited to:

  1. A player in the act of or just after throwing a
  2. A receiver attempting to catch a forward pass or in position to receive a backward pass, or one who has completed a catch and has not had time to protect themselves or has not clearly become a ball carrier.
  3. A kicker in the act of or just after kicking a ball, or during the kick or the
  4. A kick returner attempting to catch or recover a kick, or one who has completed a catch or recovery and has not had time to protect themselves or has not clearly become a ball carrier..
  5. A player on the
  6. A player obviously out of the
  7. A player who receives a blind-side
  8. A ball carrier already in the grasp of an opponent and whose forward progress has been stopped.
  9. A quarterback any time after a change of
  10. A ball carrier who has obviously given themselves up and is sliding feet-

Player In Bounds and Out Of Bounds

ARTICLE 15. a. Out of Bounds

  1. A player is out of bounds when any part of their body touches anything other than another player or a game official on or outside a boundary line.

 

 

  1. An out-of-bounds player who becomes airborne remains out of bounds until they touch the ground in bounds without simultaneously being out of bounds.
  2. In Bounds
  1. An inbounds player is a player who is not out of
  2. An inbounds player who becomes airborne remains in bounds until they are out of bounds.
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